1) Most effective in cleaning cervical 1/3 & beneath gingival margins
2) Suitable for everyone – Periodontally healthy & periodontally disease
3) Periodontal maintenance
4) Cleanses sulcus (space between tooth and gums)
Apply firm but gentle 10 back-and-forth strokes of vibratory motion without removing bristle ends from sulcus. Move brush head to the next group of teeth by overlapping with the completed area.
1) Provides gingival stimulation (vibratory motion)
2) Suitable for gingival recession (Toothbrush bristle ends not directed into sulcus)
3) Less traumatic to the gingiva
4) Who should use this?
People with continuous gingival recession
Direct bristles apically to sulcus at 45° to the long axis of the tooth .
Place bristles partly on the cervical part and on the gingiva.
Apply vibratory motion with slight pressure to stimulate gingiva.
Repeat for the lingual surface of the tooth
Use short back-and-forth strokes on the occlusal surfaces gently.
Place toothbrush perpendicular to the tooth surface.
(3) CHARTER’S METHOD
1) Efficiently cleans interproximal areas
2) Able to clean areas between fixed appliances (prosthetic and orthodontic) and gingival margins
3) Who should use this?
People with orthodontic and fixed prosthetic appliances
People who have just undergone periodontal surgery
(temporary cleaning of surgical wounds)
Place bristles horizontally and parallel to the arch at 45°at the gingival margin.
Direct bristles toward the crown of the tooth rather than the root.
Bristles are directed occlusally and vibrate into the interdental spaces.
Use short back-and-forth strokes for activation.
Repeat for other parts of the mouth until all areas are cleaned.
(4)MODIFIED BASS, CHARTER’S AND STILLMAN’S METHOD
1) Clean entire facial/buccal and lingual surfaces
A Bass or Stillman’s or Charter’s--Complete the original stroke to clean the cervical one-third
1) An easy-to-learn first technique for young children
Bristles are activated in a circular motion.